Грипп и беременность: вопросы и ответы

Каждая беременная женщина должна знать, как грипп может влиять на течение беременности, есть ли опасность для ребенка, как распознать заболевание, как правильно лечиться и так далее.

Грипп можно назвать одним из наиболее коварных заболеваний, которое часто проходит незаметно для организма, а может и оставить серьезный отпечаток в виде осложнений, с которыми в дальнейшем придется очень сложно. Особенную опасность грипп несет для беременных женщин. Известно много случаев, когда данная болезнь, особенно в первом триместре беременности, приводила к большим проблемам развитии плода и даже выкидышу. Поэтому необходимо владеть полным объемом информации о данном заболевании и уметь правильно с ним бороться.

Каковы причины болезни?

Не секрет, что грипп – это тяжелое вирусное заболевание, которое врачи не связывают с переохлаждением организма. Достаточно контакта с больным человеком, чтобы вирус «перепрыгнул» в организм нового «пациента». Передается грипп воздушно-капельным путем.

Какие бывают виды гриппа?

Основная опасность гриппа в том и заключается, что его тип постоянно меняется. Вы наверняка слышали множество различных разновидностей вируса («свиной», «птичий») – это его мутации. В основном же существует три типа гриппа – А, В и С. Как только найдена вакцина от одного вируса, появляется новый, вызывающий массовые эпидемии. Как следствие – карантин и закрытие многих учебных заведений.

Можно ли несколько раз болеть гриппом?

В отличие от ряда других заболеваний организм не способен выработать полноценный иммунитет к вирусу, поэтому подхватить его можно несколько раз в год. Это делает его еще более опасным для беременных и простых людей.

Есть ли опасность для ребенка?

Максимальный вред плоду грипп способен нанести до двенадцатой недели. Именно в первом триместре формируется ребенок, развиваются его внутренние органы. Если заразиться гриппом в этот период, то велика вероятность появления врожденных пороков. Что касается заболевания гриппом в остальные периоды беременности, то опасность уже минимальна. Но все-таки известны случаи, когда действие вируса приводит к задержке развития ребенка, гипоксии, нарушениям в развитии различных органов и так далее.

Влияет ли грипп на беременную женщину?

Наиболее опасный период для будущей роженицы – третий триместр. Именно в это время вероятность подхватить грипп максимальна. Причины здесь вполне объяснимы – организм женщины ослаблен. Различные инфекции с завидной частотой «прилипают» к беременной женщине. Вирусное заболевание негативно действует на иммунную систему беременной, что может привести к появлению различных хронических заболеваний, таких как пиелонефриты, артрозы и так далее.

Как распознать заболевание?

Чем раньше было диагностировано заболевание, тем лучше для беременной. Первые симптомы заболевания всем известны — головная боль, температура (обычно до 39-40 градусов Цельсия), ломота в теле, лихорадка, вялость. Через несколько дней могут появиться вторичные признаки заболевания – кашель и заложенность носа.

Как правильно лечиться?

Чтобы последствия гриппа были минимальными, его необходимо правильно лечить. В противном случае велика вероятность осложнений. При появлении первых симптомов болезни действовать необходимо незамедлительно.

Сразу нужно вызвать доктора. Ни в коем случае не ходите в больницу самостоятельно – это только усложнит процесс выздоровления. Второе – очень важно сбивать высокую температуру. Обычно она держится около 3-4 дней. При этом крайне не желательно заниматься самолечением – лекарства должен назначать врач. Это особенно важно, ведь во время беременности не все препараты являются безопасными. Кроме этого, внимательно изучайте информацию на описании лекарственного препарата.

Никогда не откладывайте покупку лекарства. Если температура начала резко подниматься, то желательно послать кого-то за лекарствами. Всегда можно съездить на такси в аптеку, которая работает круглосуточно. В крайнем случае, стоит вызвать скорую помощь.

Подведем итоги

Итак, при появлении первых признаков заболевания необходимо сразу же купить нужные лекарства, лежать в постели, пить как можно больше жидкости, проветривать помещение, делать влажную уборку и правильно питаться.

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Колличество комментариев для записи “Грипп и беременность: вопросы и ответы”: 65

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